Information Technology Terms You Need to Know

Posted May 12, 2015 | By Tricia Hussung

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Whether you have been working as an IT professional for years or are just getting started, there are some terms and acronyms that you need to know to be successful. Because this vocabulary is fundamental and used in a variety of information technology roles, it’s a good idea to have an understanding of these information technology terms. Having a good grasp of the words and concepts in this list can give you a head start in your online IT degree program as well.

  • Auto text is a way to store and quickly insert the text, graphics, fields and other items that a user frequently implements.
  • Backup refers to the process of copying files to another medium as a precautionary measure, in case the first medium fails.
  • Browsers are Internet software programs that translate and allow you to view HTML files.
  • Cloud computing refers to the practice of using a network of remote servers on the Internet to store and manage data, instead of a local server or personal computer.
  • Container tag is a code snippet used in web development that removes the need for multiple tags. They operate between the opening <tag> and closing </tag>.
  • Cookies are messages that your Web browser uses to identify you as a user and remember information. They are applied each time the browser goes back to access the same server.
  • Data feed refers to the mechanism that allows users to receive updated data from sources. Data feeds are commonly used by real-time applications in point-to-point settings, as well as online.
  • DBMS, or database management system, is software that controls the processes surrounding data in a database. It accepts requests from applications and instructs operating systems to transfer the appropriate data.
  • DMA refers to direct memory access. It is a feature of computerized systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory independently of the central processing unit (CPU).
  • Domain is the name of a particular Internet site.
  • Ethernet is a system used to connect a number of computer systems, forming a local area network. It includes protocols that control the passage of information and avoid simultaneous transmissions by multiple systems.
  • Export refers to the process of taking data from one application (such as a database) and placing it into another application (such as a spreadsheet).
  • External lines provide telephone access from outside the company or business.
  • File compression refers to files that have been reduced in size by file compression software in order to make storage easier.
  • Hardware is the different physical components of a computer system, such as a keyboard or mouse.
  • HTML, or hypertext markup language, is a standardized system for tagging text files. It enables users to achieve font, color, graphic and hyperlink effects on Web pages.
  • Integrate refers to combining data from multiple applications.
  • Local printer is a printer directly attached to computers on a server.
  • Modem refers to a combined device used for modulation and demodulation to receive data.
  • Network refers to two or more computers connected to share resources, such as Internet access.
  • PC Suite is a software package used to establish an interface between Nokia mobile devices and computers that run the Microsoft Windows operating system.
  • Peripheral refers to hardware devices connected to a PC in order to enhance its capabilities.
  • PING is a slang term that can be used in a variety of ways. It usually refers to instant messaging or emailing someone back quickly. In the tech world, it is also short for Packet Internet Groper, a utility that is used to check for network areas.
  • Restore refers to the process by which files are returned from a backup to their original condition and location.
  • Routers are small devices that join multiple networks together. They are located at gateways, the places where two or more networks connect.
  • RSS stands for Really Simple Syndication. RSS readers are software programs that allow you to keep up with the information that’s important to you while avoiding the conventional methods of browsing on websites.
  • Software refers to programs that house a series of instructions telling the computer how to run. It can also refer to the interface between user and computer system.
  • Troubleshooting is the process by which an IT professional locates the cause of a problem and removes or fixes it.
  • URL refers to Uniform Resource Locator. It’s the address file on the Internet.
  • WAP is the wireless access point, a device that allows for wireless communication. A WAP usually connects to a router.
  • Workstation refers to a user’s work area and the positioning of devices such as the computer, monitor, keyboard, desk and chair.
  • XML refers to Extensible Markup Language. It defines a set of rules for encoding documents that are readable by humans and machines.

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